Hair today, there tomorrow

Backed by cutting edge technology and medical expertise the Transmed Clinic in Istanbul has given hope to many men and women agonising over thinning hairlines.

Who doesn’t like the idea of having a full head of hair? At the Transmed Clinic in Istanbul, Turkey, the solution lies in getting to the root of the problem and using newage hair transplant processes engineered to giving once scanty scalps a new lease of life. “Genetic programmed alopeicac and hormonal imbalances, thyroid disease, iron deficiency, malnutrition and stress are among the more prominent reasons behind hair loss in both men and women,” says Dr. Melike Külahçı, Medical Director, Transmed. “But unlike earlier where they had no option to wait and watch, most patients these days are opting for hair transplants.”

Hair transplantation is a process in which the hair roots called follicular units are removed individually and implanted into the new area. The operation itself could take up to 6-8 hours and is performed under local anaesthesia. In the first phase of the process the follicular units are collected by the doctors and then opened in recipient area channels where they have to be grafted. The second or the last part of the procedure is when each follicle is transplanted individually into that area. “It is a complicated procedure and should be performed under the supervision of a qualified doctor so as to ensure the density of the transplants which ultimately contributes the natural look that the patients are aspiring for. Anyone who has sufficient amount of hair in the area between two ears is considered suitable for hair transplant at the clinic,” says Dr. Külahçı. Since the time Transmed was established in 1994, the clinic has carried out over 10,000 hair transplants on patients from 47 countries.

Depending on the donor area of the patient, the surgical team could carry out as much as 2,500- 4,000 grafts which totals to about 7,000-8,000 follicles. Post procedure in about 8-10 days there is a thin layer of scabbing that falls off with time. The transplanted hair lasts a lifetime and starts to grow in about three months after the operation, and the desired result is discernible after about six months to a year. The two common hair transplant methods used at Transmed include:

1. FUE method: The Follicular Unit Extraction method or FUE involves transplanting hair follicles using a special tool from the densely-haired portion to the desired area in the same day. This method requires hair to be trimmed very short. If the amount of hair that is going to be transplanted is not much, partial shaving is possible. If the hair is long, the FUE method can be done without shaving. There are three factors critical: The first factor is the density of transplanted hair. The standard density is 60-80 follicular units per few square centimetres range, but even if you manage to get 40 follicular units over the same area it will still look normal. Anything lesser than that will give the scalp a scanty appearance. The second factor impacting the final look is the process and the experience involved in carrying out the procedure. So the right doctor, the technology involved and the radius of channel picked for transplant become decisive aspects. The third factor affecting the procedure is the surgical teams’ ability to evaluate the procedure using 3D magnifying tools that allow them to repair any flaws that are left behind.

2. FUT Method: Follicular Unit Transplantation (FUT) is a hair restoration technique where a patient’s hair is transplanted in naturally occurring groups of 1 to 4 hairs, called follicular units. In Follicular Unit Transplantation these small units allow the surgeon to safely transplant thousands of grafts in a single session, which maximizes the cosmetic impact of the procedure. In an FUE hair transplantation, each follicular unit is individually taken directly from the scalp with no strip of tissue being removed. Hair follicles are removed in a random fashion and the result is less density in the donor area that many say is not even noticeable. This is the main difference between FUE & FUT. Since follicles are removed one at a time, fewer follicles can be harvested during a typical session, making FUE a better option to restore hair in smaller cases (number of grafts) compared to the traditional FUT method.